According to researchers, Justiniana plague could be a local phenomenon.
Scientists from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem announced that the first global pandemic of the plague could not exist. As reported by the online edition of the Chronicle.info with reference to zn.ua the first was a global pandemic disease is considered to be Justiniana plague.
The name of the pandemic has been during the reign of Emperor Justinian I. Modern studies suggest that while the epidemic has spread in Central and South Asia, Europe, North Africa, and Arabia.
Data on victims of the pandemic are different. Scientists suggest that could have died 66 million residents of the East and 25 million Europeans. In the capital of Byzantium, Constantinople, killed more than half of the population. According to researchers, in one form or another the disease made itself felt during two centuries: from 541 750 a year.
In the new study, researchers analyzed historical sources: coins, texts, inscriptions and so on. The experts found that the beginning of the alleged epidemic in the years 541-542 contemporaries are well documented, however, subsequent outbreaks are relatively poorly represented in the sources.
For example, Egyptian papyri VI-VIII centuries not indicate an economic decline, which would, of course, was accompanied by a massive epidemic. The number of papyri has not decreased, and the population of Egypt, according to the new study, did not pay less taxes than the 541-th. Moreover, according to the documents remaining from living in Egypt the Roman family Apenov, revenue collection increased by 30% between 540 and 580 years.
Agriculture of Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria also shows that in those years was hardly some sort of epidemic. According to researchers, the outbreak of plague was in Constantinople, but about the global epidemic can not speak.